Juvenile Court Matters in St. Louis
Missouri’s judicial system uses the term “Family Court” to describe what had been in the past described as two different parts of the court system, the “Juvenile Court” and “Domestic Relations” or “divorce” court.
The term “Juvenile Court” remains to be used, but in fact, it is part of the “Family Court.”
You need not know the difference for now, but for the purposes of this information, “Juvenile Court” is the term used to described the court and location where two main types of cases involving children are handled.
First, children charged with criminal offenses under the Missouri Juvenile Code, and second, children who are the subject of state protective custody proceedings.
In both types of cases, the State of Missouri is an active participant, through the county’s juvenile officer and, in some cases, prosecuting attorney in criminal matters, and through the Children’s Division and the county’s juvenile officer in protective custody proceedings.
In both types of cases, the State is the party who initiated the case.